The Winter Olympic Games are an international sporting event that occurs every four years and have been specially established for winter sports since other (summer) sports already had their Olympic Games since 1896, a modern version of the antique Greek tradition.
The first celebration of the Winter Games took place in the French resort of Chamonix in 1924. The first sports were skiing, figure skating, speed skating, ice hockey, nordic combined, ski jumping, bobsleigh, curling and the military patrol. The Games are held every four years from 1924 to 1936, and interrupted by the Second World War before resuming every four years from 1948. The Winter Olympics are held the same year as the Summer Games until the governing body of the Olympic Games , the IOC (International Olympic Committee) alternates summer and winter events every two years in 1992.
The Winter Games have evolved since their inception. New events are added and some of them, such as skiing, sledding, skating and short track speed freestyle, earning a permanent place in the Olympic program. Disciplines such as speed skiing , bandy and skijoring skiing demonstration sports at an Olympic Games, but did not become official Olympic sports. Other that deserves recognition as Olympic Telemark are still not official sport.
Since 1924, the Winter Olympic Games were held on three continents but never in the southern hemisphere because of the season which would force having the “winter Olympics” between June and September… Sochi will be the first Russian city to host the Winter Games staring this Friday. In 2018, Pyeongchang in South Korea will be the third Asian city to organize such event.